Thursday 31 August 2023


Africa is home to the world's earliest known use of Mathematical measuring tools and calculation, confirming the continent as the birthplace of both basic and advanced mathematics.

The knowledge spread throughout the entire world after series of migrations out of Africa beginning around 30,000BC and later by a series of invasions of Africa by Europeans and Asians (1700BC).

The oldest mathematical instrument is the Lebombo bone (35,000 BC) a baboon fibula used as a measuring device and was named from its location of discovery in Lebombo mountain in Swaziland or Eswatini.

Ishango bone (20,000 BC) is one of the world's oldest mathematical instrument also made from baboon fibula bone discovered in present day Congo. The bone has markings that represents different quantities. It is now housed in the museum of Natural Science in Brussels.

Next is an ancient board game known has Gabet'a or Mancala game  from Yeha in Ethiopia, from around 700 BC.

It is still in use in East, Central and western Africa. The game consists of two or four rows with six or eight holes which is played by two players with stones, cowries or sea Shells.

In Moscow's Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, is the so called Moscow papyrus. It was purchased by Valdimir Golenishchev sometimes in 1890s. Written in hieratic, from perhaps the 13th Dynasty in Kemet.  The papyrus is one of the world's oldest use of algebra and geometry.

The Rhind mathematical papyrus (1650BC) was purchased by Alexander Rhind in 1856 AD, and presently housed in the British museum. Excavated at Ramesseum in Waset (Northern Egypt). It contains arithmetic and algebraic problems/solutions.

Timbuktu in Mali is home to one of the world's oldest University, Sankore which had libraries filled with manuscripts written in Ajama, African languages such as Hausa written in scripts in the 1200AD.

When Europeans and Asians began visiting and Colonizing Mali in the 1300s to 1800s the Malians began hiding the Manuscripts in basements, attics and underground in fear of destruction or theft by the foreigners.

In recent history many as 700,000 scripts have been rediscovered and contain Modern and Advanced Mathematics.

Source: African History

You must know who you are and where you come from, for your own greatness!

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