Thursday 31 August 2023


The statue of Moorish king Kasper, with the coat of arms of Avenches of himself, was erected in Schaffhausen, Switzerland, in 1520 CE.

The moors were a group of black-skinned people of Africa that were part of European societies, mostly from the 7th century CE but most historical findings indicated that their presence in Europe might have being before the common era.

There were dozens of Moorish delegates in the continental United States. The first Congress led by George Washington in the 17th century CE in America. These moors were later cast with enslaved Africans in most of American territories in an effort to take their lands after the first continental Congress.

The Moors in Europe were sacked out of the Iberian peninsula and their castles taken. The last Moor to have been sacked out of Granada and the surrounding towns happened on January 2, 1492 CE.


The five ancient coins, believed to have been minted in present-day Tanzania, date back to the 8th to 15th century AD. They were made of copper, silver, and gold and are thought to have been used as trade currency. The discovery of these coins on the remote and isolated Wessel Islands off the coast of Northern Territory in Australia has led to speculation that ancient East African traders may have reached the continent long before the arrival of Europeans.

The Kilwa Kisiwani with its ancient capital city located on the coast of present-day Tanzania in East Africa, was a powerful empire that controlled the trade of gold, ivory and other valuable goods from the African interior to the Indian Ocean.

The exact explanation for the presence of these coins remains a mystery, and further research and studies are needed to confirm their origin.

How did the five coins from distant Kilwa wind up in the isolated Wessel Islands? Was a shipwreck involved? Could it be that the Portuguese, who had looted Kilwa in 1505, reached the Australian shores with coins from East Africa in their possession? Or was it that Kilwan sailors, renowned as expert navigators all across the sea route between China and Africa, reached Australia? Did they trade with the Indigenous population? Or docked and left? Maybe some stayed.


Africa is home to the world's earliest known use of Mathematical measuring tools and calculation, confirming the continent as the birthplace of both basic and advanced mathematics.

The knowledge spread throughout the entire world after series of migrations out of Africa beginning around 30,000BC and later by a series of invasions of Africa by Europeans and Asians (1700BC).

The oldest mathematical instrument is the Lebombo bone (35,000 BC) a baboon fibula used as a measuring device and was named from its location of discovery in Lebombo mountain in Swaziland or Eswatini.

Ishango bone (20,000 BC) is one of the world's oldest mathematical instrument also made from baboon fibula bone discovered in present day Congo. The bone has markings that represents different quantities. It is now housed in the museum of Natural Science in Brussels.

Next is an ancient board game known has Gabet'a or Mancala game  from Yeha in Ethiopia, from around 700 BC.

It is still in use in East, Central and western Africa. The game consists of two or four rows with six or eight holes which is played by two players with stones, cowries or sea Shells.

In Moscow's Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, is the so called Moscow papyrus. It was purchased by Valdimir Golenishchev sometimes in 1890s. Written in hieratic, from perhaps the 13th Dynasty in Kemet.  The papyrus is one of the world's oldest use of algebra and geometry.

The Rhind mathematical papyrus (1650BC) was purchased by Alexander Rhind in 1856 AD, and presently housed in the British museum. Excavated at Ramesseum in Waset (Northern Egypt). It contains arithmetic and algebraic problems/solutions.

Timbuktu in Mali is home to one of the world's oldest University, Sankore which had libraries filled with manuscripts written in Ajama, African languages such as Hausa written in scripts in the 1200AD.

When Europeans and Asians began visiting and Colonizing Mali in the 1300s to 1800s the Malians began hiding the Manuscripts in basements, attics and underground in fear of destruction or theft by the foreigners.

In recent history many as 700,000 scripts have been rediscovered and contain Modern and Advanced Mathematics.

Source: African History

You must know who you are and where you come from, for your own greatness!


Jare Ijalana is a Nigerian child model. She was born on 1st January 2014 in Lagos the largest commercial city in Nigeria. The black young model is regarded by several publications as the most beautiful girl in the whole world.

Jare Ijalana was also famed as the Most Beautiful Girl in the World by Yahoo Lifestyle in 2018.

This Nigerian young beauty, Jare Ijalana has also been named as the most beautiful girl in Africa and her gorgeous looks are capturing the hearts of many around the world.

๐— ๐—˜๐—˜๐—ง ๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—™๐—œ๐—ฅ๐—ฆ๐—ง ๐—ช๐—ข๐— ๐—”๐—ก ๐—ง๐—ข ๐—™๐—Ÿ๐—ฌ ๐—”๐—ก ๐—”๐—œ๐—ฅ๐—–๐—ฅ๐—”๐—™๐—ง ๐—œ๐—ก ๐—ก๐—œ๐—š๐—˜๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—”

๐—–๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜‚ is the first Nigerian female commercial pilot. She served as the rector and chief instructor of the Nigerian College of Aviation Technology between October 2011 and February 2014.

A native of Ukwa East in Abia State, South-East, Nigeria, ๐—–๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜‚ had her secondary school education at Anglican Girls Grammar School, Yaba, Lagos State, before she trained as a private and commercial pilot in 1978 at the Nigerian College of Aviation Technology, Zaria.

She subsequently took several aviation and transport courses in the United Kingdom and the United States before she received her license as a commercial pilot on May 20, 1981, from the College.

๐—–๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜‚ earned a lot of awards. She is a member of the Order of the Republic of Nigeria and the Nigerian Women Achiever Hall of Fame. She has also won awards recognizing her achievements and contributions to the aviation industry. Some of them are:

- The Rare Gems Professional Achievements Awards (2007)

- African International Achievers Merit Award (2007)

- Nigeria’s 50 Greatest Women of the Democratic Administration of Ghana (2012).

She is an aviation icon who paved the way for women in an industry dominated by men. She is a good example of how hard work and determination pay off. ๐—–๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜‚ is an accomplished pilot and her success is worth emulating.


As a member of the Mbuti people, Ota Benga lived near the Kasai River in the Congo. His people were killed by the Force Publique, established by King Leopold II of Belgium. Benga lost his wife and two children, surviving only because he was on a hunting expedition when the Force Publique attacked his village. He was later captured by slavers.

Benga was “purchased” by one Samuel Phillips Verner, and transported to the Bronx Zoo. He was caged in the Monkey House labeled. Eventually Benga was released to African Americans in Brooklyn, and later moved to an outpost of their community in Lynchburg, Virginia. In the late afternoon of 19 March 1916, Benga gathered wood to build a fire in the field. He danced around the fire. That night, he retrieved a gun from an old shed and fired a single bullet through his own heart.

Wednesday 30 August 2023


(1). Always remember that you can grow without destroying others.

(2). Always remember that your dreams can be fulfilled without sabotaging others.

(3). Always remember that nobody must go down for you to rise.

(4). Always remember that nobody must be shamed or embarrassed for your smile to be sustained.

(5). Always remember that while others are rising, you can also rise.

(6). Always remember that finding satisfaction in the pain of others will never bring you true happiness.

(7). Always remember that what you wish others is a prayer for yourself.

(8). Become the good fire that genuinely lights up others, not one that ruins the joy, goodwill, and expectation of others.

(9). Never take delight in causing pain or sponsoring the tears of another.

(10). Never ever use your position in authority to punish others for fear that your position would be taken from you.

You never know tomorrow. 

Life is uncertain.

Also, never use the position you occupy today to frustrate others, for you never can tell what the future holds tomorrow.

(11). Allow the true FEAR OF GOD to guide your days, STRENGTHEN YOUR RELATIONSHIPS and SET YOUR COURSE.

This is the path to true peace, lasting influence and meaningful living!

Stay blessed and take care for those you meet on your way up are the people you meet on your way down.

Via Sunshine Boy


Portrait of the most famous African warrior women, The Dahomey Amazon Warriors circa 1890's. They remain the only documented frontline female troops in modern warfare history. A sub-saharan band of female terminators who left their European colonisers shaking in their boots. 


Modibo Mohammed Al- Kaburi an African Scholar and a Professor of Sankore University.

Modibo Mohammed Al- Kaburi was an African Scholar and Fulani by ethnicity, he hails from Timbuktu in Mali, He was a Professor, Jurist, Cadi at Sankore Madrasah this place was one of the three ancient centers of learning in Timbuktu this include three mosques, It is believed Sidi Yahya composed it as University of Timbuktu, Madrasah simply means School or University in Arabic and Sankore meaning a white nobles.

It is believed it was built during the 15th Century, Modibo was known for his pious and his devotional character and the people celebrated him for his piety, becoming a companion with many of the most devout scholars at Sankore, he is remembered for having established the curriculum used by later scholars at Sankore University.

According to Zulkifli Khari, the University of Sankore was part and it is important to the Islamic Civilization even though it was less known in comparison to Al- Azhar, Al- Qayrawana, Al- Qarawiyyin and Qurtuba Universities, It is believed it was a great intellectual institution dating back to civilizations in Mali, Ghana and Songhay particularly during the 12th Century to 16th Century, University of Sankore is often referred as University of Timbuktu as there are two other universities in Timbuktu, which is the Jingaray Ber and Sidi Yahya, University of Sankore is located in the North east district of Timbuktu and housed within the Sankore mosque.

The Sankore mosque was founded in 989 CE by the late Chief Judge of Timbuktu, Al – Qadi Aqib Ibn Mahmud, Ibn Umar, he had built the inner court of the mosque parallel to the exact dimensions of the Ka’abah in Makkah, a wealthy Mandinka woman financed the Sankore University making it a learning and leading Centre of education.

Around the 12th Century there was an attendance of 25, 000 students in which in turn produced the world- class scholars recognized by the university.


Said to be one of the oldest photographs taken in Barbados of a Bajan, this image captures Nancy Daniels. The picture is believed to have been taken in the 1850s, either at a studio in Bridgetown by the photographer Campion or at the house where she worked as a domestic servant. 

Nancy was born either in 1751 or 1755 in West Africa, believed to be modern day Nigeria as it was thought she was of Igbo ethnicity. Her real name is unknown and it is believed she came to Barbados in her teens or as a young woman. Even though Nancy would have grown up in West Africa, survived the Middle Passage and being sold into slavery, the devastating Bridgetown Fire of 1766, the destructive hurricane of 1780, the Bussa revolt of 1816 as well as Emancipation and Apprenticeship, little is known of her life. 

She is known to have lived in Bridgetown at Synagogue Lane and worked for the Daniels  family as a domestic servant, for whom she worked for many years, first as an enslaved women and later as a domestic servant after Emancipation. At her death her age is officially recorded as 116 years, dying and buried on September 24th, 1871, but oral sources from the family put her age at 120 years old. She is one of the oldest people to have lived in Barbados, achieving super centenarian status.

✍๐Ÿพ: bazodeemag


Sa'id of Mogadishu  (Somali: Saciid min Muqdisho, Arabic: ุณุนูŠุฏ ู…ู† ู…ู‚ุฏูŠุดูˆ Sa'iid min maqadฤซshลซ) was a 14th-century (1301) Somali scholar and traveler.

Sa'id was born in Mogadishu in the year 1301.
Sa'id left Mogadishu as a teenager to study in Mecca and Medina, where he remained for 28 years gathering knowledge and gaining many disciples.His reputation as a scholar earned him audiences with the Amirs of Mecca and Medina.

From this it is apparent that Sa‘ฤซd was not only a well travelled scholar known in the ways of the world, but he obviously must have recruited many students due to his close link with the Amirs.

Sa'id is said to have afterwards travelled across the Muslim world and visited Bengal, China. During his stay at a mosque on the west coast of India, he encountered fellow Muslim traveller Ibn Battuta. According to scholar Peter Jackson, Sa'id might have during this occasion shared with Battuta accounts of his travels in China and detailed the political landscape and succession of the Yuan Dynasty, information which Battuta would eventually add in his own chronicles.

Sa'id of Mogadishu was a famous Somali scholar and traveller. He is said to be the first African to study the Mandarin language and first African to translate the Mandarin language with a native African language like Somali. He lived in China as African Ambassador who opened the gates of business between China and Africa through the Horn of Africa Ports. 

Sa'id may have died on 1361 or 1365.

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(1). History of my Ancestors was written in blood. History written in blood shall never be erased by the lies written in ink. (Truth is like a surgery, it hurts but it heals. Lie is like a painkiller, it gives instant relief but has side effects forever).

(2). My Ancestors are not in (His)tory. In truth they are not in any story. Our Ancestors have never been recorded. My Ancestors are a Divine Spirit that never leaves our present. No story can record my Ancestors because they are not in time. So I won't seek my Ancestors in any story, but in the always timeless ever present stillness and silence of now.

(3). Once upon a time in Afrika, we paid no tax, there was no inflation, there was no unemployment, there was no AIDS, there was no corruption, there was no debt crisis, there was culture, there was respect and there was Ubuntu. Then the European came to improve things.

(4). Religion is how my Ancestors lost their culture, future, values and their ways. But it's never too late to stop the rot, restart and rise again from my own roots. The darker the flesh the deeper the roots.

(5). They came with a bible and their religion stole our land, crushed our spirit...and now they tell us we should be thankful to the Lord for being saved. I don't bow to false God of my oppressors. I have the blood of warriors that runs through my veins. I will not insults my Ancestors!! Never!!!

(6). They laughed at my Ancestors clothes, and they made our Ancestors change their clothes. They laughed at my Ancestors name and made them change their names; but most importantly they laughed at our God and made us change our God.

(7). Once upon a time a white man proposed a game to the kids in Afrikan tribe. He put a busket full of fruits near a tree and told them that whoever got there first won the sweet fruits. When he gave the signal to run they all took each other's hands and they ran together, then sat in a circle enjoying their treats. When he asked them why they chose to run as a group when they could've had more fruits individually. One child spoke up and said: "UBUNTU", how can one of us be happy if others are sad?

(8). The age of believing is over, we're in the age of knowing. The words of the wise teach many people but fools die in want for wisdom.

(9). I walk like I have 10 000 Ancestors walking behind me. Peace to my Ancestors and my elders. I walk in your strength, legacy and power, today and forever. I ask my Ancestors to protect me, guide me, to teach me, and to raise me to understand the creative intelligence and life force within me. I am  my Ancestor and my Ancestor is me. This is the truth of my life and it shall remain truth beyond infinity.

(10). My Ancestors died for me to live. Death was their ultimate sacrifice. I salute all the African Ancestors who died in battlefield against land thieves. The ones who died with their fist in the sky. They didn't die in vain, we gonna rise again. I will always remember the last words of Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu. He said; "TELL MY PEOPLE THAT I LOVE THEM AND THEY MUST CONTINUE WITH THE STRUGGLE. MY BLOOD WILL NOURISH THE TREE THAT WILL BARE THE FRUITS OF FREEDOM. ALUTA CONTINUA" (then he raised his right fist in the sky). I Neo Moletsane love you too Papa Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu and I promise you that I will continue with the struggle, furthermore I will die with my fist in the sky. Aluta Continua victory is certain.

Let me leave it here, even though I got more to say. I love you all.

Tuesday 29 August 2023

๐–๐ก๐ฒ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐’๐ฎ๐ง ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐Œ๐จ๐จ๐ง ๐ฅ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ข๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐’๐ค๐ฒ. ๐€๐Ÿ๐ซ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ง ๐…๐จ๐ฅ๐ค๐ญ๐š๐ฅ๐ž

Many years ago the sun and water were great friends, and both lived on the earth together. The sun very often used to visit the water, but the water never returned his visits. At last the sun asked the water why it was that he never came to see him in his house, the water replied that the sun's house was not big enough, and that if he came with his people he would drive the sun out.

He then said, "If you wish me to visit you, you must build a very large compound; but I warn you that it will have to be a tremendous place, as my people are very numerous, and take up a lot of room."

The sun promised to build a very big compound, and soon afterwards he returned home to his wife, the moon, who greeted him with a broad smile when he opened the door. The sun told the moon what he had promised the water, and the next day commenced building a huge compound in which to entertain his friend.

When it was completed, he asked the water to come and visit him the next day. When the water arrived, he called out to the sun, and asked him whether it would be safe for him to enter, and the sun answered, "Yes, come in, my friend."

The water then began to flow in, accompanied by the fish and all the water animals. Very soon the water was knee-deep, so he asked the sun if it was still safe, and the sun again said, "Yes," so more water came in.

When the water was level with the top of a man's head, the water said to the sun, "Do you want more of my people to come?" and the sun and moon both answered, "Yes," not knowing any better, so the water flowed on, until the sun and moon had to perch themselves on the top of the roof.

Again the water addressed the sun, but receiving the same answer, and more of his people rushing in, the water very soon overflowed the top of the roof, and the sun and moon were forced to go up into the sky, where they have remained ever since.

Facts About Sierra Leone

(1). Sierra Leone's name means "Lion Mountains" in Portuguese.

(2). The country was founded by freed slaves in the 18th century.

(3). Sierra Leone is home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Africa.

(4). The country is also home to a diverse range of wildlife, including chimpanzees, elephants, and lions.

(5). Sierra Leone is a tolerant nation with a rich cultural heritage.

(6). The country's capital, Freetown, is one of the world's largest natural harbors.

(7). Sierra Leone is a major producer of diamonds, bauxite, and rutile.

(8).The country's civil war lasted from 1991 to 2002 and caused widespread devastation.

(9). Sierra Leone is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the African Union.

10. The country's national football team is nicknamed the Leone Stars.

Via I Love Africa TV

๐—›๐—œ๐—ฆ ๐—œ๐— ๐—ฃ๐—˜๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—”๐—Ÿ ๐— ๐—”๐—๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—ฌ, ๐—ข๐—•๐—” ๐—”๐——๐—˜๐—ฌ๐—˜๐—ฌ๐—˜ ๐—˜๐—ก๐—œ๐—ง๐—”๐—ก ๐—ข๐—š๐—จ๐—ก๐—ช๐—จ๐—ฆ๐—œ ๐—ข๐—๐—”๐—๐—” ๐—œ๐—œ; ๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—ข๐—ข๐—ก๐—œ ๐—ข๐—™ ๐—œ๐—Ÿ๐—˜-๐—œ๐—™๐—˜

๐—ฃ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ was born on the 17th, October 1974 to Prince Ropo and Late Mrs Margaret Wuraola Ogunwusi of Ile Opa family compound, Ile-Ife. It was said that his birth was predicted years before he was conceived, Hence, the name Enitan was given by his mother while his grandfather named him Adeyeye, which means "๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐˜  ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ". He is the fifth child in a family of seven.

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ attended Sobuola Memorial Nursery and Primary School, Ibadan and completed his primary school education at Ibadan District Council (IDC), Akobo, Ibadan. He then attended the prestigious Loyola College, Ibadan in 1985, led by Reverend G.B Daramola, the principal of the college. He later proceeded to Ile Ife at Saint Peter’s Secondary School, Omi Okun,Ile-Ife led by Late Johnson Adebisi.

He holds a Higher National Diploma in Accountancy from the Polytechnic Ibadan, where he started cutting his teeth in outstanding entrepreneurship, even as student. ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is a graduate of Accountancy and a certified member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria and of the Institute of Management.

He has been involved in engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts locally and abroad for over 11 years.

He was involved in the development of the Northern Foreshore Estate, Cityscape International Limited’s Buena Vista project in Lekki, Primewaterview Limited’s projects, Westcom Limited’s projects, and the Ajaokuta Steel’s and Delta Steel’s resuscitation projects. Prior to his appointment as the Ooni of Ife, ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ was the Managing Director of Howard Roark Gardens Limited which is undertaking multi-million naira Jacob Mews Estate project in Yaba and the Lakeview real estate development in Lekki.

He is on the Board of Imperial Homes Mortgage Bank Limited, (formerly GTHomes), GTBank Plc and FinaTrust Microfinance Bank Limited. To mention a few, the royal prince of Ile-Ife (๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ) is a member of some dignified professional bodies namely; Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), an Associate Accounting Technician and a certified member of the Institute of Directors (IOD) Nigeria.He is also an active member of the Global Real Estate Institute (GRI) having participated at various levels.

To become ๐—ข๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ, ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ defeated 20 other contenders. ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ was selected from the Giesi Ruling House of Ile-Ife, amongst indigenes who were also heirs to the throne on 26 October 2015. He received his staff of office on 7 December 2015. He has been described as an ‘astute entrepreneur driven by the need to turn impossibilities into possibilities. ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is the spiritual leader of the Yoruba people now saddled with the responsibility of making supplications to God and the ร’rรฌแนฃร  on behalf of his tribe and the world at large during annual festivals such as Olojo.

Shortly after his coronation, ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ met with the Alaafin of Oyo and by so doing initiated a new era in the history of the Yoruba States. He effectively broke the jinx of institutionalised discord between the thrones that had plagued Ile-Ife and Oyo for decades. The Oba is an advocate for the empowerment and emancipation of women and young people.

He has transformed Ile-Ife into a tourist zone, with changes including the beautification, redesign and re-construction of the ancient city. ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is also a renowned philanthropist who is committed to humanity and an advocate for the less privileged. He has granted support over the years through the House of Oduduwa Foundation and, recently, through Hopes Alive Initiative.

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ over the years has fostered numerous remarkable partnerships with dignified Royal Fathers of Lagos (Yoruba Land) in some of his Real Estate developments; HRM Oba Saheed Elegushi, Kusenla III, Elegushi of Ikate Land, Lagos (Development of Lake View Park 2, Lafaji, Off Orchid Hotel Road, Lekki-Epe expressway), HRM the Ooni of Ife, Oba Okunade Sijuwade, (development of Northpointe Estate, Chevron Drive, Lekki, Lagos), HRM Oba Oyekan, Onilado of Ilado-Inagbe Island, Lagos (Development of Inagbe Grand Resorts and leisure, Lagos), HRM Oba Adedapo Tejuoso, The Oranmiyan Osile Oke Ona of Egba Land, Abeokuta (development of the Lord’s Estate, Buckswood College Abeokuta), HRM Oba Oloruntoyin Saliu, The Oloworo of Oworonsoki, Lagos (partners in the proposed Oworonsoki Redevelopment Scheme, Lagos), HRM Oba Akinloye, Ojomu of Ajiran Land,Lekki – a host to several developments which Prince Adeyeye has embarked on. HRM Olofa, Oba Mufutau Muhammed Gbadamosi (partnership during the rice and sugar merchandising for Dangote Group and others).

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is indeed a highly dignified man, fearless and daring, a self-made man who not only has passion for his home town but for his country as a whole. He has forged respectable alliances with some of the most esteemed Royal fathers, leaders and kings of our time. It is without doubt that the young prince of Ile –Ife through his vision to impact the lives of everyone around him and his fervent passion for humanity has broken grounds as an investor in people and a preservationist of the cultural heritage of Ile-Ife. He is loved and highly admired by the people of Ile-Ife and importantly, he remains in tune with his roots and tradition.

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ was involved in previous relationships. He had his first child Adeola Aanuolouwapo Ogunwusi (born in May,1994), with Omolara Olatubosun in Ibadan. They are co-parents.

In 2008, he married Adebukola Bombata, from whom he separated in 2016 to marry Zaynab Otiti Obanor, (his second wife from 2016 to 2017) and married to Prophetess Morenike Naomi Oluwaseyi whom he wedded in October, 2018.

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is currently married to Olori Mariam Anako from Ebira land in Kogi State. Olori Elizabeth Opeoluwa Ogunwusi nee Akinmuda, Tobi Phillips and Princess Ashley.

๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ is an astute entrepreneur, driven by turning impossibilities to possibilities. His power of imagination has set him aside, revolutionizing his approach to creativity and innovation. He is a distinct achiever, with the conscience of youthful excellence, his ambition is exceptional with savvy business ideas, making a mark in his immediate society and beyond. ๐—ข๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ excellence and outstanding acumen would soon start to announce itself for the world to behold.

Gossip House

Monday 28 August 2023


We talk about the European Slave trade quite alot, not bad, but can we now talk about the sordid extreme cruelty of the Arab slave trade?

Arabs were the first and again remain to be the last to ship millions and millions of Africans out as slaves.

Between 1600 and 1800 about 1.4 million Africans were shipped out and in the 19th century alone, it's estimated that around 12,000 Africans were shipped out every single year. Quick math and it stands at 1.2 million!

The Big question in people's head is ; where did they go to after reaching Arabia!

Most were castrated and killed.

Never forget.

Here Are Ten Geniuses From Africa

(1). Tanitoluwa Adewumi: Born in Nigeria, Tanitoluwa became a national chess champion in the United States at the age of 8.

(2). Nicole Barr: Born in South Africa, Nicole became the youngest member of Mensa at the age of 3.

(3). Andrew Ngwenya: Born in Zimbabwe, Andrew was accepted to study engineering at the University of South Africa at the age of 14.

(4). Krtin Nithiyanandam: Born in Tanzania to Sri Lankan parents, Krtin was awarded the title of the UK's Young Scientist of the Year at the age of 16.

(5). Joshua Beckford: Born in Nigeria, Joshua was the youngest person ever to attend Oxford University at the age of 6.

(6). Evans Njoroge: Born in Kenya, Evans became the youngest certified Cisco engineer in Africa at the age of 17.

(7). Oluwatunmise Idowu: Born in Nigeria, Oluwatunmise became one of the youngest people to pass the Cambridge A-level exams at the age of 10.

(8). Hauwa Ojeifo: Born in Nigeria, Hauwa founded a mental health support group for women in Nigeria at the age of 26.

(9). Stacey Fru: Born in South Africa, Stacey became the youngest published author in Africa at the age of 7.

(10). Ukpeme Akpan Okon: Born in Nigeria, Ukpeme became the youngest graduate in Africa at the age of 16.

Did You Know Avatar Was Created Based On The Culture Of Nilotic People Of Africa?

Once you know the truth, you are never the same. You start reading the signs and recognizing the mark of Africa everywhere. This requires to learn our true history, to reconnect to Africa and to make sure to re-become the Africans we are supposed to be (culture and diet). We need to activate that melanin. Africa is the greatest ghostwriter. It's time to claim our blessings.

This movie also shows the connection we have with nature. That spirituality that comes with melanin. The darkest people... But also the oldest people on the planet... That connection they are trying to break with that new "technology". When we abandon our true space, our true African nature, we lose our power. We go from God to Captives. Think about it.

Africa is full of diverse and fascinating cultures authentically not found anywhere in the world and they inspire many people around the globe. Just as “only female army” of Dahomey Kingdom in West Africa inspired female warriors in Black Panther, Avatar is also believed to have been inspired by beautiful cultures of Nilotic people in Africa.

Nilotic peoples are people who speak Nilotic languages and are indigenous to the Nile Valley. Nilotic languages are a large sub-group of Nilo-Saharan languages spoken in South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania.

Cattle pastoralism, fishing, and seed cultivation were all part of the Nilotic economy. Some of the earliest archaeological findings on record, that represent a similar culture to this from the same region, are located at Kadero, 48 kilometres north of Khartoum in Sudan, and date to 3000 BC.

Via Muhammad Hadji


Known as Adam’s Calendar in South Africa. 

This 75,000-year-old ruins site is also affectionately known as the ‘African Stonehenge’.

Predating both the ‘actual’ Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Giza by thousands of years, the discovery of Adam’s Calendar in 2003 was a complete accident, by a South African pilot.

It is thought to be the oldest man-made structure on Earth. It is the only completely functional, megalithic stone calendar that is almost perfectly whole. African Shamans have called it ‘Inzalo Y’langa’, which means ‘Birthplace of the Sun’.


Gordon, the man who never gave up on freedom, 1863 - This picture here shows a former African American slave called Gordon or "Whipped Peter" and the extent of the brutal whippings he received during his time as a slave.

The picture is known as "The Scourged Back" and it became one of the most important and recognisable pieces of Union material during the American civil war. It exposed the physical injuries slaves often received while being held prisoners. It inspired the populations of the Union in the civil war to continue the fight, and to aim to end slavery, which had become a stain on American society.

Gordon escaped John and Bridget Lyons cotton plantation in Louisiana in 1860. The plantation had about 40 slaves in total at the time of Gordon's run for freedom. He was chased after by bloodhounds but confused them by rubbing his body with onions that he stole and by jumping over a creek or going through a river. This messed up his trail of scent, which allowed him to go over 40 miles (64 KM) to a Union Army camp, where he signed up to fight for the Union.

Upon a physical examination, Gordon's scars were discovered. Gordon was described as a respectful, intelligent and brave man. At one point he was captured by confederate soldiers in which he was beaten, tied up and left for dead. Gordon escaped once again and made it back to the Union lines, where he continued to serve.

Photographer: William D. McPherson

Source: BBC


In 1979, Norman W. Lewis, painter, scholar, and educator, died.

Lewis was born July 23, 1909 in Harlem, New York. Always interested in art, he had amassed a large art history library by the time he was a young man. His early paintings were mostly figurative, including “Meeting Place” (1930), “The Yellow Hat” (1936), and “Dispossed” (1940).

In the late 1940s, his work became increasingly abstract, including “Tenement I” (1952), “Harlem Turns White” (1955), and “Night Walker No. 2” (1956). His painting “Migrating Birds” (1954) won the Popular Prize at the 1955 Carnegie International Exhibition. In 1953, Lewis was a founding member of the SPIRAL Group which sought to define how African American artists could contribute to the Civil Rights Movement.

In 1972, Lewis received a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts and in 1975 he received a Guggenheim Fellowship. Lewis’ paintings are in the collections of numerous major museums, including the Museum of Modern Art and the Art Institute of Chicago.  (Today in African American History, 2023)

HOW TO BE ALWAYS HAPPY IN LIFE: (Advice from Grandma)

(1). Always remember that there is nobody on this earth that does not have problems. You are not the only one that has problems.

(2). Challenges is part of life. It is only a dead man that has no challenges.

(3). There is no problem that has no solution. There are solutions to the pains you are passing through.

(4). The way you picture yourself in your mind can affect your happiness. Picture yourself as a valuable and beautiful person. Avoid low self esteem and inferiority complex.

(5). Do not mind about what people say about you. Some people are sadists. They can just say something to make you feel sad.

(6). Make friends with reasonable people who make you happy. Do not make friends with people who make jest of you or laugh at you over your challenges.

(7). At your leisure time, keep yourself busy with your favorite hobbies like reading , Learning, etc.

(8). Do not allow anyone to intimidate you with money and material things. A poor man today can become rich tomorrow. Change is constant.

(9). No matter what you are passing through today, do not give up. As long as there is life, there is hope. Never stop trying. Give it one more time. 

(10). Be very prayerful. Pray without ceasing. Prayer is a catalyst that can speed up your blessings to come to you on time.

(11). Be courageous to go for what you want. Life is all about risk. If you don't take a risk, you will not get the desires of your heart.❤

Author Unknown

Sunday 27 August 2023


The ancient Ashanti people of what is today republic of Ghana in west Africa and other kingdoms in Africa mainly use the talking drum. This was a form of non-verbal communication that was used to communicate through long distance in the forest kingdom of the Ashanti people. 

The drums expressed a tonal language that was understood by citizens of the kingdom. A drumbeat from the king's palace related messages that reverberated through out the kingdom. One drummer communicated a particular message, which was echoed by another drummer within a reasonable distance and another and another, drummed out the message until it went around, through out the kingdom.

This custom was also practiced among the Yoruba kingdoms to the east of Ashanti land. The drums were different in each of the tribal nationalities but the mode of drumming was almost similar. This differ from the 'town cryer" approach that was used by the wolof of present day Senegal, the Tiv and the Ibibio people of present day Nigeria.

In this case, the 'town cryer' in each community went around with a small cymbal or a small drum through which he or she calls the attention of the public by beating the instrument and sounding out the message of the king or elders of the kingdom to the public. There were some African kingdoms and chiefdoms that made use of other wind instruments in this manner.

When Africans were kidnapped from their lands and enslaved in the Americas, these traditions were continued at different levels, especially in Haiti. But as soon as the Europeans who had enslaved the Africans discovered that it was a mode of communication, through which the Africans relayed messages of their intended revolts, drumming was banned on all plantations.

The Great Benin Empire

The Benin empire now in today Nigeria was one of the oldest and developed states in west Africa From the 11th Century. With its mathematical layout and earthworks longer than the Great Wall of China, Benin was one of the best planned cities in the world Before London People stole/destroyed the City.

The Guinness Book of Records (1974 edition) described the walls of Benin City and its surrounding kingdom as the world’s largest earthworks carried out prior to the mechanical era.

According to estimates by the New Scientist’s Fred Pearce, Benin City’s walls were at one point “four times longer than the Great Wall of China, and consumed a hundred times more material than the Great Pyramid of Cheops”.

Situated on a plain, Benin City was enclosed by massive walls in the south and deep ditches in the north.

Beyond the city walls, numerous further walls were erected that separated the surroundings of the capital into around 500 distinct villages.

Pearce writes that these walls “extended for some 16,000 km in all, in a mosaic of more than 500 interconnected settlement boundaries. They covered 6,500 sq km and were all dug by the Edo people.

They took an estimated 150 million hours of digging to construct, and are perhaps the largest single archaeological phenomenon on the planet”.

Barely any trace of these walls exist today as it was plundered to the ground by the British who stole several artifacts.

Benin City was also one of the first cities to have a semblance of street lighting. Huge metal lamps, many feet high, were built and placed around the city, especially near the king’s palace.

Fuelled by palm oil, their burning wicks were lit at night to provide illumination for traffic to and from the palace.

When the Portuguese first “discovered” the city in 1485, they were stunned to find this vast kingdom made of hundreds of interlocked cities and villages in the middle of the African jungle. 

They called it the “Great City of Benin”.

Indeed, they classified Benin City as one of the most beautiful and best planned cities in the world. Benin City’s planning and design was done according to careful rules of symmetry, proportionality and repetition now known as fractal design "The mathematician Ron Eglash" notes.

He examines the patterns underpinning architecture, art and design in many parts of Africa – notes that the city and its surrounding villages were purposely laid out to form perfect fractals, with similar shapes repeated in the rooms of each house, and the house itself and the clusters of houses in the village in mathematically predictable patterns.

As he puts it: “When Europeans first came to Africa, they considered the architecture very disorganised and thus primitive, It never occurred to them that the Africans might have been using a form of mathematics that they hadn’t even discovered yet.”

Ron Eglash.

๐—•๐—œ๐—ข๐—š๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—›๐—ฌ ๐—ข๐—™ ๐—ง๐—ข๐—ก๐—ฌ ๐—จ๐— ๐—˜๐—ญ; ๐—ก๐—ข๐—Ÿ๐—Ÿ๐—ฌ๐—ช๐—ข๐—ข๐—— ๐—Ÿ๐—ข๐—ฉ๐—˜๐—ฅ ๐—•๐—ข๐—ฌ

๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ is a famous Nollywood actor, producer, director, television personality, and philanthropist. He is known for his romantic roles in movies and has been referred to as a Nollywood lover boy. He was born on 23rd August 1964 in Ogidi, Anambra State in the southeastern part of Nigeria.

He is currently 59 years old. His father is from Ogidi in Anambra State in the southeastern part of Nigeria while his mother is from Cross River State in the south southern part of Nigeria.

๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ completed both his primary and secondary school education in Lagos State in the western part of Nigeria and obtained both his First School Leaving Certificate and West African Senior School Certificate. He started acting right from his secondary school days and performed on stage plays and dramas.

After completing his secondary school education, ๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ proceeded to the University of Lagos and graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree in English Language. After obtaining his first degree, ๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ went back to the University of Lagos and obtained a Master’s Degree in International Law and Diplomacy.

After completing his secondary school education, Tony Umez proceeded to University of Lagos and graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree in English Language. After obtaining his first degree, ๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ went back to University of Lagos and obtained a Master’s Degree in International Law and Diplomacy.

๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ has acted in more than 250 Nollywood movies which include Died Wretched, Billionaires Club, The Preacher’s Wife, Blood Sisters, Occultic Kingdom, The Coven, Stranger on my Bed, A Second Time, Fire on the Mountain, Dirty Demand, Living with the Devil, and many more. Tony Umez has acted in more than 250 Nollywood movies which include Died Wretched, Billionaires Club, The Preacher’s Wife, Blood Sisters, Occultic Kingdom, The Coven, Stranger on my Bed, A Second Time, Fire on the Mountain, Dirty Demand, Living with the Devil, and many more.

In 1999, ๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ got married to his beautiful wife Patsy Ogochukwu, a lady he met on a movie set. The marriage is currently blessed with four lovely children namely Beautiful Umez, Angel Umez, Princess Umez and Golden-Michelle Umez.

๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ in the cause of his acting career has won several awards which include Best Actor in a Leading Role at the Africa Movie Academy Awards, Nollywood Most Prominent Actor in Nigeria at the City People Entertainment Awards, Best Actor in Nigeria at the Africa Magic Viewers Choice Awards, Best Actor at the City People Entertainment Awards and Most Promising Actor in Nigeria at the Golden Icon Movie Academy Awards.

๐—ง๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—จ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜‡ was heavily criticized for featuring in the soft-pornographic movie titled “Room 027” which was disliked by his fans. However, during an interview with the media, he confessed that he regret ever accepting such role.

Pineal Gland - Gland of awakening - 3rd Eye - Eye of Horus - Eye of Enlightenment

Just what did our ancestors really know and understand about this hidden eye within the human brain cortex? Was it purposely created to be able to connect to our DNA, upgrade automatically  and connect physically, spiritually and mentally to our Creators, Source or GOD?

There are many depictions of the pine cone appearing throughout many ancient civilisations, and myths surrounding the connection and purpose of the hidden eye within. Especially in regard to its activation and for enlightening one's true spiritual connection to the Source.

The pineal gland activates from week 3 of conception, connecting the Source to the first brain waves and for creation of the building blocks of consciousness .

The pineal gland's full purpose is still under many speculations, theories and meanings, but it's sure one of the most intriguing mysterious parts of the human body. Our ancestors had in-depth knowledge about this mysterious unique eye, including  how to access it and use it  to its full potential.

Saturday 26 August 2023


“Pharaonic Warriors...” ~ Nubians (Kushites/Sudanese) were the first civilization to construct pyramids, universities, Royal homes and temples.

A civilization of innate glory, they were renowned for their wealth and prowess as hunters, fighters, educators and skilled artisans in iron, copper, gold and pottery.

They traded extensively with the Far East and Middle Eastern empires and educated the Greeks in astrology, medicine and science.

The Kushite central power of Meroe actually served as an influential pivot for trade and education across Africa, and the world.

Prior to demise, caused by a constant stream of European and Assyrian attack (as well as their well known culture of tomb-raiding and grave robbing), the original Pharaohs of the African continent, residing across the Horn, were referred to by a number of Greek philosophers as “the Godly leaders of a Black paradise”. ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ


(1). Ability to keep trying even after failure.

(2). Ability to sell and negotiate.

(3). Ability to make independent decisions not influenced by emotions or anyone. Be you.

(4). Ability to convey what you think and feel.

(5). Ability to stay consistent.

Via Idrissa Mustapha


The entire African continent was an extremely civilized place by their own rich cultures, the time the first European travellers began discovering and later destroying her people and cultures.

“When they arrived in the Gulf of Guinea and landed at Vaida (in West Africa) the captains were astonished  to find streets well laid out, bordered on either side for several leagues by two rows of trees; for days they travelled through a country of magnificent fields, inhabited by men clad in richly coloured garments of their own weaving! Further south in the Kingdom of the Congo, a swarming crowd dressed in `silk` and `velvet`; great States well-ordered, and down to the most minute details; powerful rulers, flourishing industries-civilized to the marrow of their bones. And the condition of the countries on the eastern coast- Mozambique, for example- was quite the same.”Leo Frobenius, `Histoire de la Civilisation Africaine`, quoted in Anna Melissa Graves, Africa, the Wonder and the Glory, US, Black Classic Press, (originally 1942),pg4.

Portuguese missionaries wrote of the Kongo…” a well-organized political system with taxes and rates, there was a brilliant court,(and) a great civil service. The state constructed roads, imposed tolls, supported a large army and had a monetary system-of…shells, of which the Mani Congo…had a monoploly. The Congo Kingdom even had a few satellite states, for example the state of the Ngola (ie Ndongo) in present-day Angola. The original kingdom was about the size of France and Germany put together”

“There is no doubting…the existence of an expert metallurgical art in the ancient Kongo; only the competition of objects from abroad and the slow deterioration brought about its decline. A further proof is provided by recent ethnographic documents. The Bakongo were aware of the toxicity of lead vapours. They devised preventative and curative methods, both pharmacological (massive doses of pawpaw and palm oil) and mechanical (exerting of pressure to free the digestive tract), for combatting lead poisoning, Technology and rational knowledge tried to keep in step.”

Friday 25 August 2023

DNA confirms Aboriginal culture one of Earth’s oldest:They are

The first Aboriginal genome sequence confirms Australia’s native people left Africa 75,000 years ago.

ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS  ARE descendents of the first people to leave Africa up to 75,000 years ago, a genetic study has found, confirming they may have the oldest continuous culture on the planet.

Professor Eske Willerslev of the University of Copenhagen, who led the study, says Aboriginal Australians were the first modern humans to traverse unknown territory in Asia and Australia. “It was a truly amazing journey that must have demanded exceptional survival skills and bravery,” he says.

A century-old lock of hair, given by a West Australian indigenous man to an anthropologist, has led to the discovery that ancestors of Aboriginal Australians reached Asia at least 24,000 years before another wave of migration that populated Europe and Asia.

Experts from the University of Western Australia (UWA) and Murdoch University were part of an international team that analysed DNA from the hair, and found no hereditary material from European immigrants to Australia. This made the man’s DNA a perfect candidate for looking at the history of Aboriginal migration.

Aboriginal Australians first to cross Asia:

Studying his DNA, the researchers found that the ancestors of Australian Aboriginals had split from the first modern human populations to leave Africa, 64,000 to 75,000 years ago. Dr Joe Dortch, a scientist at UWA, says the discovery turns on its head the existing theory that Aboriginals arrived here less than 50,000 years ago. The findings are detailed  in the journal Science.

“[The discovery] strongly supports the idea that Aborigines were [part of] an early and separate wave of human expansion out of Africa, before the subsequent wave that established Europeans and Asians,” says Professor Alan Cooper, director of the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA at the University of Adelaide.

“However, while this is a major step forward, the key unresolved question remains the unique story of Aboriginal history within Australia.”

“This new DNA study powerfully confirms that Aboriginal Australians are one of the oldest living populations in the world, certainly the oldest outside of Africa,” agrees evolutionary biologist Professor Darren Curnoe of UNSW. “Australians are truly one of the world’s great human populations and a very ancient one at that, with deep connections to the Australian continent and broader Asian region. About this now there can be no dispute.”

Oldest living population in the world:

In another study, in the American Journal of Human Genetics, researchers found that when these ancestors of Aboriginals crossed through Asia, they may have interbred with Siberian people known as the Denisovans.

For that study, DNA was extracted from a finger bone excavated in the freezing temperatures of Siberia to analyse the migration of people to tropical parts of Asia and Australia more than 40,000 years ago.

Examining DNA from the finger, researchers from the Harvard Medical School in the US and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany concluded that the Denisovans – a primitive group of humans descended from Neanderthals – migrated from Siberia to tropical parts of Asia. They contributed DNA to Aborigines along with present-day New Guineans and an indigenous tribe in the Philippines known as Mamanwa.

Aboriginal people had Siberian ancestors:

To make the link between the Denisovans and indigenous Australians, the study looked at two Aboriginal populations, one of which was from the Northern Territory. The researchers concluded that Denisovans interbred with modern humans in South-East Asia 44,000 years ago, before Australia separated from Papua New Guinea.

“This paper helped fill in some empty pieces in the evolutionary puzzle that began after early humans left Africa, and reinforces the view that humans have intermixed throughout history,” say the scientists behind the research in a summary of the findings.

“The study also confirms controversial claims that the ancestors of all living Eurasians interbred with the Neandertals, while past Asians/Oceanians also mated with the mysterious ancient humans from Denisova cave[s] in Siberia,” comments Darren from UNSW. “This is clear and independent validation of DNA work on both these extinct humans [the Neanderthals and the Denisovans], confirming today’s other big announcement about their deep connections to Australians and other indigenous people in our region.”

Credit: Australian Geographic

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