Thursday 9 May 2024


In this painting from a period of the 13th-14th centuries AD, a member of the Makurian royalty (central figure) appears, most likely a king of Makuria, appearing wearing a golden crown with bovine-style horns, under the protection of Christ ( figure from behind with the fall blurred) and surrounded by two saints.

This painting is found in ancient Dongola (Sudan).

Makuria was an ancient Nubian and Christian kingdom that dominated part of southern Egypt and northern Sudan, existing from at least the 5th to the 15th or 16th century.

Being famous for having stopped an Arab army in the year 651, after they had conquered Roman Egypt in the year 642.

Text by Oumar Xavier.


- Oumar Xavier personal research.

- Makuria in the middle of the 12th century by Włodzimierz Godlewski.

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