Wednesday 22 May 2024


The Manden Charter, also known as the Kurukan Fuga Charter, is a 13th-century oral constitution attributed to the Mali Empire, established under the leadership of Emperor Sundiata Keita. It outlined principles of social justice, human rights, and environmental protection, and is considered one of the earliest declarations of human rights. The charter was reportedly proclaimed in 1236 at the Kurukan Fuga assembly, with contributions from various tribal leaders. Its importance lies in its emphasis on social harmony, community welfare, and the recognition of fundamental human rights.

It has been designated by UNESCO as one of the most important abstract ideas created by mankind. Read the link to understand how advanced this charter was. In the same decade the Magna Carta was being drafted in Europe, the Manden Charter was being drafted in West Africa.

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