Saturday 1 July 2023

Two royal ladies from the Kingdom of Urundi, 1929

The Kingdom of Urundi, in the modern day Republic of Burundi, existed from c. 1680 (possibly earlier) to 1966. It was ruled by the Ganwa, a princely aristocracy, headed by the Mwani, or king, who ruled over the Hutu farmers, Tutsi pastoralists and Twa hunters, which were originally socio-cultural categories with a certain degree of fluidity. 

The kingdom survived both the German and the Belgian colonial periods relatively intact, only to be overthrown in a coup d’Γ©tat barely 4 years after the independence of Burundi.

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