Sunday 14 July 2019

Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In Belgium

The Flemish people, who are generally Dutch speakers, are the largest demographic group in Belgium.

Belgium covers an area of 30,278 km2 in the Europe. The country was colonized by Netherlands and got its independence in 1830, but was later occupied by Germany during the first and second world wars. The capital city is Brussels and home to many international organizations like the NATO and UE. The country borders France, Luxembourg , Germany and Netherlands by land. Belgium had a population of 11,190,846 people at the start of 2015. The majority of this population is made up of the Dutch-speaking Flemish group.


The Flemish population 6,450,765 of Belgium’s total population and they trace their ancestry to medieval Flanders which today occupies the northern part of Belgium. In early centuries, Belgium had been occupied by the Celtic tribes which were eventually conquered by Germanic people. The Germanic people influenced the development of the Dutch language which is widely spoken by the Flemish. Belgium came under several occupations beginning the 16th century such as the Spain, France, and Netherlands. The Flemish in collaboration with the Walloons staged revolts under the rule of Netherlands and Belgium attained self-rule in 1830. Walloons and the Flemish wanted to gain supremacy in the region and 1993, Flanders and Wallonia were recognized as autonomous regions in the country. The Flemish speak Flemish, a variation of the Dutch language, which is the official language in Belgium. The Flemish people hold colorful festivals and events, mostly based on local folklore. The cat festival of Ypres in an example of Flemish’ folklore. Catholic is the main religion in Flanders, a region characterized by houses built with red brick. Industries such as textiles, automobiles, and tourism contribute to the economy of the Flanders region.


The Walloons mainly occupy the Southern and Eastern parts of Belgium, and they number about 3,700,000. As the Germanic people invaded northern Belgium, the Roman rule in Southern Belgium continued to prosper. The Roman and Latin dialects influenced the French language spoken by contemporary Wallonia people. The Walloon people are majorly Roman Catholic with a minor presence of Russian Orthodox, Protestants, Jews and Greek Orthodox. Agricultural production is a significant commercial activity in Wallonia, mainly producing sugar beets, potatoes, and wheat. Some of the Walloon people visit cemeteries on All Saint’s Day to clean their deceased tombs, in the belief that the spirits of the dead come back to earth. The Walloon people reside in storeyed row houses built with brick. A major characteristic of the Wallonia people is small nuclear families. The Wallonia people have been subjected to unemployment since the 1990s when the coal mines and most of its industries were closed down.


The Italian group makes up 450,000 of Belgium’s total population. Italians represent the largest migratory group in Belgium. Belgium opened its borders beginning 1968 to European Union nationals. The first wave of Italian citizens in Belgium went to seek employment. Family unification also increased the Italian population in Belgium.


Belgium has 220,000 people of Moroccan ancestry. The Moroccan immigrants mainly came to Belgium after the World War II as labor for Belgium’s booming coal mining industry. Immigration was halted in the 1970s due to an economic crisis in Belgium. The Moroccan community continued to grow primarily because of the reuniting of family units. Most of these immigrants are concentrated in urban areas in Belgium and continue to be a working population.

Future Trends

A population of 75,000 in contemporary Belgium has German ancestry. Belgium’s birth rate is expected to remain steady while the life expectancy rate is set to increase. The population of Belgium is forecasted to reach 11.4 million in 2020. Belgium’s population is expected to be affected by increasing globalization and migratory patterns. A growing Muslim population in Belgium is predicted to reach 10.2% of the total population by 2030.

Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In Belgium

Rank Ethnic Group or Nationality Population in Contemporary Belgium:

1 Flemish 6,450,765
2 Walloon 3,700,000
3 Italian 450,000
4 Moroccan 220,000
5 German 75,000

By Benjamin Elisha Sawe

•culled from

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